Cannabis consumption in Quebec remains stable since legalization

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The annual survey that follows the evolution of cannabis consumption in Quebec does not show an increase in cannabis consumption in the province compared to the previous year. Young people (15 – 20 years old) are also less inclined to use cannabis than before legalization.

The 2022 Quebec Cannabis Survey shows that 19% of Quebecers used cannabis in 2022, roughly the same proportion as the previous year. The figure has remained stable since legalization, which saw a slight increase from 14% pre-legalization to 19% after, for all of Canada.

In Quebec, men are more likely to use cannabis than women, since 23% of men and 16% of women report using it.

In 2022, young Quebecers aged 21 to 24 were the most likely to use cannabis, with 40% of respondents reporting having used cannabis. Then come the 25-34 year olds, with 37%.

Although consumption has increased slightly among adults in Quebec, the proportion of consumers aged 15 to 17 who report using cannabis has also decreased since 2018, the year of legalization.

Cannabis consumption in Quebec in 2022

Cannabis consumption in Quebec in 2022

Cannabis vaping on the rise

Although not a legal product in Quebec, the report shows an increase in residents vaping cannabis cartridges, from approximately 19% in 2021 to 24% in 2022. 15 to 17 year olds who reported using cannabis, the number vaping it is about three times higher, rising from over 24% in 2019 and almost 44% in 2021 to 70% in 2022.

As in other provinces, smoking cannabis remains the most popular mode of consumption, down slightly from 85% in 2021 to 82% in 2022.

Almost half of respondents (42%) who used cannabis did so less than once a day, and around 19% did so between one and three days a month. About a quarter (24%) use cannabis one to six days a week, and 14% say they use it every day.

About 30% of consumers reported using edibles, oils, or ingestible capsules.

The black market is shrinking

About two-thirds of cannabis consumers (67%) in Quebec said they had purchased cannabis at least once from the Société québécoise du cannabis (SQDC), roughly the same proportion as the previous year.

Only around 8% said they had obtained cannabis from an illicit source, compared to 11% in 2021 and 32% in 2018. Another 40% said they had obtained cannabis from a family member, friend or an acquaintance.

Quebec’s efforts to raise public awareness of health problems related to cannabis use are also proving successful. About 79% of Quebecers aged 15 and over say they have seen or heard of such campaigns in 2022.

91% of young people aged 15-17 said they had seen such messages, followed by 88% of 18-20 year olds and 86% of 21-24 year olds.

The full report can be viewed here.

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